According to The Gospel of Judas, then, the fundamental problem is that "the twelve" -- here, stand-ins for church leaders -- do not know who Jesus is and do not understand who God is, either. They wrongly think that God requires suffering and sacrifice. But the author of The Gospel of Judas -- and others within the early movement as well -- was asking question like this: What does such teaching make of God?
Page 66, Reading Judas: the Gospel of Judas and the Shaping of Christianity. Elaine Pagels and Karen L. King.